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Extracted installation process from README

Installation process of a Phundrak-flavored Arch-Linux has been
extracted from the README.org file to the installation.org file.
master
Lucien Cartier-Tilet 2 years ago
parent
commit
ca6cddcd2d
Signed by: phundrak
GPG Key ID: BD7789E705CB8DCA
  1. 745
      README.org
  2. 758
      installation.org

745
README.org

@ -45,10 +45,11 @@ @@ -45,10 +45,11 @@
- [[#screenshots][Screenshots]]
- [[#features][Features]]
- [[#custom-scripts-in-path][Custom scripts in =PATH=]]
- [[#emacs-configuration][Emacs configuration]]
- [[#email-signature][Email signature]]
- [[#fish-configuration-with-useful-abbreviations][Fish configuration with useful abbreviations]]
- [[#i3-configuration][i3 configuration]]
- [[#global-gitignore][Global gitignore]]
- [[#i3-configuration][i3 configuration]]
- [[#nano][Nano]]
- [[#configuration][Configuration]]
- [[#included-configuration-file][Included configuration file]]
@ -57,47 +58,6 @@ @@ -57,47 +58,6 @@
- [[#xresources][Xresources]]
- [[#dependencies][Dependencies]]
- [[#installation][Installation]]
- [[#install-arch-linux][Install Arch Linux]]
- [[#get-the-latest-live-system-with-fast-mirrors][Get the latest live system with fast mirrors]]
- [[#install-the-system][Install the system]]
- [[#install-basic-packages][Install basic packages]]
- [[#execute-bootstrap][Execute bootstrap]]
- [[#decrypt-private-yadm-files][Decrypt private yadm files]]
- [[#get-a-correct-keyboard-layout][Get a correct keyboard layout]]
- [[#set-our-locale][Set our locale]]
- [[#create-some-folders][Create some folders]]
- [[#set-users-shell-to-fish][Set user’s shell to fish]]
- [[#install-yay-if-it-isnt-already-installed][Install =yay= if it isn’t already installed]]
- [[#install-basic-packages-1][Install basic packages]]
- [[#setting-up-emacs-installing-spacemacs][Setting up Emacs: Installing Spacemacs]]
- [[#set-up-dotfiles][Set up dotfiles]]
- [[#update-our-dotfiles-remotes][Update our dotfiles’ remotes]]
- [[#get-envtpl][Get =envtpl=]]
- [[#update-our-submodules][Update our submodules]]
- [[#generate-our-alt-files][Generate our alt files]]
- [[#installing-tryones-compton-fork][Installing Tryone’s Compton fork]]
- [[#enable-some-of-our-services][Enable some of our services]]
- [[#docker][Docker]]
- [[#emacs][Emacs]]
- [[#ssh-server][SSH server]]
- [[#ly][Ly]]
- [[#acpilight][Acpilight]]
- [[#nordvpn][NordVPN]]
- [[#symlink-some-system-config-files][Symlink some system config files]]
- [[#set-up-our-fish-shell][Set up our fish shell]]
- [[#install-fisher][Install =fisher=]]
- [[#install-our-extensions][Install our extensions]]
- [[#install-packages-from-git][Install packages from git]]
- [[#i3-gaps-rounded][i3-gaps rounded]]
- [[#polybar-battery][Polybar Battery]]
- [[#revealjs][Reveal.JS]]
- [[#install-rust][Install Rust]]
- [[#install-the-toolchains][Install the toolchains]]
- [[#install-some-utilities][Install some utilities]]
- [[#install-some-python-packages][Install some python packages]]
- [[#install-go-packages][Install go packages]]
- [[#set-up-chicken-scheme-interpretercompiler][Set up Chicken (Scheme interpreter/compiler)]]
- [[#clean-the-pacman-and-yay-cache][Clean the =pacman= and =yay= cache]]
- [[#licence][Licence]]
* Presentation
@ -157,10 +117,22 @@ @@ -157,10 +117,22 @@
I have written some scripts that help me daily accomplish some simple tasks,
like mounting and unmounting a drive or Android device, an emoji picker, a
utility to set up my Wacom tablet, and so on. You can find them stored in
[[file:.local/bin][.local/bin]] along with their detailed explanation in the [[file:.local/bin/README.org][README]] placed in the
[[file:.local/bin/README.org][.local/bin]] along with their detailed explanation in the README placed in the
same folder —which is actually their source code once the org-mode file gets
tangled.
** Emacs configuration
:PROPERTIES:
:CUSTOM_ID: h-f6d2561f-5c02-4540-8287-4acf3037b3d5
:END:
Emacs is my main text editor, which I use for almost everything. Because, you
know…
#+begin_quote
Emacs is a great operating system, it just lacks a good text editor.
#+end_quote
You can find my Emacs config, based on Spacemacs, in my [[https://labs.phundrak.com/phundrak/dotfiles/.spacemacs][.spacemacs]] file, and
my user configuration in my [[file:spacemacs.org][spacemacs.org]] file.
** Email signature
:PROPERTIES:
:CUSTOM_ID: h-f6c48286-a320-493f-b330-ee0a697e6d79
@ -180,16 +152,9 @@ @@ -180,16 +152,9 @@
:PROPERTIES:
:CUSTOM_ID: h-f35ed9a3-c9fc-458c-8a62-693f679f6992
:END:
You can also find in [[file:.config/fish][.config/fish]] my Fish shell configuration, which contains
You can also find in [[file:.config/fish/README.org][.config/fish]] my Fish shell configuration, which contains
my usual abbreviations.
** i3 configuration
:PROPERTIES:
:CUSTOM_ID: h-c918e370-d867-412c-8b0e-078e4e3772e0
:END:
The i3 configuration is detailed in its corresponding README which you can
find at [[file:.config/i3/README.org][.config/i3/README.org]].
** Global gitignore
:PROPERTIES:
:CUSTOM_ID: h-4f92eb29-7cfa-48ec-b39d-39037ace3682
@ -208,6 +173,13 @@ @@ -208,6 +173,13 @@
,*.out
#+END_SRC
** i3 configuration
:PROPERTIES:
:CUSTOM_ID: h-c918e370-d867-412c-8b0e-078e4e3772e0
:END:
The i3 configuration is detailed in its corresponding README which you can
find at [[file:.config/i3/README.org][.config/i3/README.org]].
** Nano
:PROPERTIES:
:CUSTOM_ID: h-1724166b-55b7-4a64-9ff1-47c2a9e76f46
@ -479,673 +451,10 @@ @@ -479,673 +451,10 @@
:PROPERTIES:
:CUSTOM_ID: h-bfb2e09b-d5d7-4d6f-8b29-763c49b3fd09
:END:
Here will be presented what I do to get my system up and running on a fresh
Arch Linux install. These installation instructions were written in order to
get an Arch Linux distribution up and running with the same configuration as
my main computer’s and my travelling laptop’s configuration.
** Install Arch Linux
:PROPERTIES:
:CUSTOM_ID: h-cfe21de6-15fa-477a-a5ff-6cd81dfead19
:END:
I usually install Arch from the [[https://www.archlinux.org/download/][vanilla ISO]], however I began using [[https://github.com/MatMoul/archfi][archfi]] to
install easily the distro (I’ve done it so many times, I know how it works
now). Usually, my distros will be installed on at least two partitions, one
dedicated to =/home=, the other to the root partition =/=.
If the computer supports EFI bootloaders, the EFI partition will be mounted
on =/boot=. I generally use rEFInd as my boot manager, but if you are more
comfortable with another one, just install what you want. Be aware that if
you format your =/boot= partition, you will delete all boot managers that
already exist; so, if you are dual-booting, *DO NOT FORMAT IT*. Yes, I made
the mistake of wiping the Windows boot manager.
The swap partition is always at least 4GB large, and I should have a total of
12GB of combined RAM and swap. This means on my main computer I have 16GB of
RAM and 4GB of swap, but on my thinkpad I have 4GB of RAM and 8GB of swap.
*** Get the latest live system with fast mirrors
:PROPERTIES:
:CUSTOM_ID: h-da7951ee-e39a-4a59-a05d-7b7fffdc7825
:END:
When you boot into the live ISO, execute the following command:
#+BEGIN_SRC sh :exports code
pacman -Sy reflector
reflector -c France -c Germany -l 200 -p http -p https --sort rate \
--save /etc/pacman.d/mirrorlist --verbose
#+END_SRC
This will update the packages from your live ISO, and you will get the best
mirrors for your installation. Of course, change the countries accordingly
to your location.
*** Install the system
:PROPERTIES:
:CUSTOM_ID: h-9f9e1fe5-4726-486b-9875-5fcfd91d0bb0
:END:
Then you can use a custom script to ease your installation of Arch if you do
not wish to do it manually. Personally, I’ve done it several times already,
I know how the distro works, I just want to be able to install my distro
quickly now.
#+BEGIN_SRC sh :exports code
wget archfi.sf.net/archfi
# Or from matmoul.github.io/archfi if SourceForge is down
sh archfi
#+END_SRC
Then, follow the instructions and install Arch Linux. Take the opportunity
to install as many packages as you need, mainly =yay= which I use as my
package manager (it is just a wrapper for =pacman=) and AUR helper, and
=pacman-contrib= which will help us installing some packages later.
Once your system is installed, reboot and remove your installation media
from your computer.
** Install basic packages
:PROPERTIES:
:CUSTOM_ID: h-d2485595-3014-4151-a76c-63bc353359a8
:END:
We will need some basic packages in order to run the bootstrap file. So,
let’s install =fish= (our shell running the script) and =git=.
#+BEGIN_SRC sh :exports code
sudo pacman -Sy fish git yadm
#+END_SRC
** Execute bootstrap
:PROPERTIES:
:CUSTOM_ID: h-c13d132f-9e69-4bb0-838b-29c7c5611f11
:HEADER-ARGS: :tangle ~/.config/yadm/bootstrap :exports code
:END:
=yadm= comes with a very handy feature: its bootstrap script. We can
execute it by running the following command:
#+BEGIN_SRC fish :tangle no
yadm bootstrap
#+END_SRC
Notice these two header files, we can see this is a fish script, hence why we
need fish (which is my daily shell anyway).
#+BEGIN_SRC fish
#!/usr/bin/fish
# -*- mode: fish -*-
#+END_SRC
Let’s take a look at what it does.
*** Decrypt private yadm files
:PROPERTIES:
:CUSTOM_ID: h-2ce7e756-3dab-4c12-a3b3-d1b6f8d4805d
:END:
Some private files are stored encrypted in the repository of my yadm
dotfiles. I will need them later on during the bootstrap execution.
#+BEGIN_SRC fish
yadm decrypt
#+END_SRC
*** Get a correct keyboard layout
:PROPERTIES:
:CUSTOM_ID: h-89fb8f3a-6ec4-4701-a5d9-3e593c47ece9
:END:
I use mainly the [[https://bepo.fr/wiki/Accueil][bépo]] layout, a French keyboard layout inspired by Dvorak
layouts, however I sometimes need to switch back to the standard French
AZERTY or the American QWERTY layout, so I make it so the Menu key switches
for me my layout between these three. This makes it so my xorg configuration
of my keyboard looks like this:
#+BEGIN_SRC fish
set keyboardconf \
'Section "InputClass"
Identifier "system-keyboard"
MatchIsKeyboard "on"
Option "XkbLayout" "fr,fr,us"
Option "XkbModel" "pc104"
Option "XkbVariant" "bepo,,"
Option "XkbOptions" "grp:menu_toggle"
EndSection'
#+END_SRC
So, let’s set it as our keyboard configuration.
#+BEGIN_SRC fish
printf "\n# Set keyboard layout #########################################################\n\n"
echo $keyboardconf | sudo tee /etc/X11/xorg.conf.d/00-keyboard.conf
#+END_SRC
*** Set our locale
:PROPERTIES:
:CUSTOM_ID: h-48678405-93ae-41b6-b44b-285ab0da4e92
:END:
I use two main locales, the French and US UTF-8 locales, and I like to keep
the Japanese locale activated just in case.
#+BEGIN_SRC fish
set mylocales "en_US.UTF-8 UTF-8" "fr_FR.UTF-8 UTF-8" "ja_JP.UTF-8 UTF-8"
#+END_SRC
Let’s enable these.
#+BEGIN_SRC fish
printf "\n# Set our locale ##############################################################\n\n"
for item in $mylocales
if test (grep -e "#$item" /etc/locale.gen)
sudo sed -i "/$item/s/^#//g" /etc/locale.gen
end
end
#+END_SRC
This is my configuration I usually use when it comes to my locale.
#+BEGIN_SRC fish
set localeconf "LANG=en_US.UTF-8
LC_COLLATE=C
LC_NAME=fr_FR.UTF-8
LC_NUMERIC=fr_FR.UTF-8
LC_IDENTIFICATION=fr_FR.UTF-8
LC_TELEPHONE=fr_FR.UTF-8
LC_MONETARY=fr_FR.UTF-8
LC_PAPER=fr_FR.UTF-8
LC_ADDRESS=fr_FR.UTF-8
LC_TIME=fr_FR.UTF-8
LC_MEASUREMENT=fr_FR.UTF-8"
#+END_SRC
Let’s set it as our system’s locale.
#+BEGIN_SRC fish
echo $localeconf | sudo tee /etc/locale.conf
#+END_SRC
Now we can generate our locale!
#+BEGIN_SRC fish
printf "\n# Generate locale #############################################################\n\n"
sudo locale-gen
#+END_SRC
*** Create some folders
:PROPERTIES:
:CUSTOM_ID: h-85ce90ff-56dc-469b-bf08-480ecf27acc4
:END:
Let’s create some folders we might need for mounting our drives, Android
devices and CDs.
#+BEGIN_SRC fish
printf "\n# Create directories for mounting #############################################\n\n"
sudo mkdir -p /mnt/{USB,CD,Android}
sudo chown $USER:(id -g $USER) /mnt/{USB,CD,Android}
#+END_SRC
We also need the following folder for our nano backups.
#+BEGIN_SRC fish
mkdir -p $HOME/.cache/nano/backups
#+END_SRC
*** Set user’s shell to fish
:PROPERTIES:
:CUSTOM_ID: h-c1a78394-c156-4a03-ae82-e5e9d4090dab
:END:
First of all, the bootstrap shell will set the user’s shell to fish.
#+BEGIN_SRC fish
printf "\n# Set fish as the default shell ###############################################\n\n"
chsh -s /usr/bin/fish
#+END_SRC
*** Install =yay= if it isn’t already installed
:PROPERTIES:
:CUSTOM_ID: h-fef57cea-cf1d-4900-9d90-ec6353ea9661
:END:
Now we’ll need to be sure =yay=, our AUR helper, is installed on our system.
If it is, we don’t need to to anything. However, if it isn’t, we’ll install
it manually.
#+BEGIN_SRC fish
if ! test (which yay)
printf "\n# Installing yay ##############################################################\n\n"
cd
mkdir -p fromGIT
cd fromGIT
git clone https://aur.archlinux.org/yay.git
cd yay
makepkg -si --noconfirm
else
printf "\n# yay already installed #######################################################\n\n"
end
#+END_SRC
*** Install basic packages
:PROPERTIES:
:CUSTOM_ID: h-887ec6d4-535d-4363-a0a7-884717b87a47
:END:
Let’s set in a custom varible what packages we’ll be needing.
#+BEGIN_SRC fish
set PACKAGES
acpilight adobe-source-han-sans-jp-fonts asar ascii aspell-en aspell-fr assimp \
awesome-terminal-fonts base-devel bat biber bleachbit bluez-firmware \
bluez-utils bookworm boost bzip2 ccls chicken chromium clisp compton cppcheck \
cppreference cppreference-devhelp cpupower cronie cryptsetup device-mapper \
diffutils discord-canary discount ditaa dmenu dmenu-lpass docker \
docker-compose dockerfile-language-server-bin doxygen dunst dwarffortress \
emacs exfat-utils farbfeld feh ffmpegthumbnailer findutils firefox flake8 \
font-mathematica fontforge freeglut fzf gcc-libs gdb gimp glibc \
gnome-disk-utility gnome-epub-thumbnailer gnu-free-fonts gnuplot go-tools \
golangci-lint-bin graphviz htop i3-gaps i3lock-blur i3status igdm-bin \
inetutils j4-dmenu-desktop javascript-typescript-langserver js-beautify \
jfsutils jmtpfs lastpass-cli less linux-headers lldb logrotate lvm2 ly-git \
meson minted mpc mpd mpd-rich-presence-discord-git mpv mupdf-tools nano ncdu \
ncmpcpp nemo-fileroller nemo-preview neofetch neovim netctl networkmanager \
networkmanager-openvpn nm-connection-editor nnn nodejs-vmd nomacs nordvpn-bin \
noto-fonts-emoji npm ntfs-3g numlockx openssh otf-fandol otf-ipafont p7zip \
pacman-contrib pandoc-bin pavucontrol pciutils pcurses pdfpc polybar prettier \
pulseaudio-bluetooth python-autoflake python-envtpl-git python-epc \
python-importmagic python-language-server python-nose python-pip python-ptvsd \
python-pytest python-pywal qt5-imageformats qemu r raw-thumbnailer reflector \
rofi rofi-wifi-menu-git rsync rtv rustup s-nail samba scrot sent shadow \
siji-git simplescreenrecorder speedcrunch sshfs st-luke-git swi-prolog \
texlive-bin texlive-langchinese texlive-langcyrillic texlive-langgreek \
texlive-langjapanese texlive-langkorean texlive-latexextra \
texlive-localmanager-git texlive-most tmux tree ttf-arphic-uming ttf-baekmuk \
ttf-bitstream-vera ttf-dejavu ttf-google-fonts-opinionated-git ttf-hanazono \
ttf-joypixels ttf-koruri ttf-liberation ttf-material-design-icons-git \
ttf-monapo ttf-mplus ttf-ms-fonts ttf-sazanami ttf-symbola ttf-tibetan-machine \
ttf-twemoji-color ttf-unifont ttf-vlgothic typescript \
typescript-language-server-bin unicode unicode-emoji unrar usbutils valgrind \
vscode-css-languageserver-bin vscode-html-languageserver-bin w3m wget \
x11-ssh-askpass xclip xdg-user-dirs-gtk xfsprogs xorg-apps xorg-drivers \
xorg-server xorg-xinit xss-lock xvkbd yaml-language-server-bin yapf
#+END_SRC
These are the minimum I would have in my own installation. You can edit it
however you want. Let’s install those.
#+BEGIN_SRC fish
printf "\n# Installing needed packages ##################################################\n\n"
sudo pacman -Syu
yay -S --needed $PACKAGES
#+END_SRC
*** Setting up Emacs: Installing Spacemacs
:PROPERTIES:
:CUSTOM_ID: h-bd5a92c4-1a4f-49ea-a447-050a4ff0301c
:END:
Now, the first thing we want to do with Emacs is install its Spacemacs
distribution. We’ll clone its =develop= branch into =~/.emacs.d=. We need to
do this prior to our dotfiles’ cloning because of some submodules that are
cloned within our =~/.emacs.d= directory, and git won’t let us clone
Spacemacs in an already existing and non-empty directory. To make sure it
isn’t one, let’s delete any potentially existing =~/.emacs.d= directory:
#+BEGIN_SRC fish
printf "\n# Installing Spacemacs ########################################################\n\n"
rm -rf ~/.emacs.d
#+END_SRC
Now we can clone Spacemacs:
#+BEGIN_SRC fish
git clone --single-branch --branch develop https://github.com/syl20bnr/spacemacs ~/.emacs.d
#+END_SRC
And we can restore what might have been deleted in our =~/.emacs.d/private=
directory:
#+BEGIN_SRC fish
yadm checkout -- ~/.emacs.d/private/
#+END_SRC
*** Set up dotfiles
:PROPERTIES:
:CUSTOM_ID: h-cf2c3a24-b08e-4b07-9d51-31f6df781e62
:END:
**** Update our dotfiles’ remotes
:PROPERTIES:
:CUSTOM_ID: h-18967335-2637-44d6-b407-bb1d2d2718b9
:END:
This line in the bootstrap script will test if the current user is using my
username. If yes, it’s probably me.
#+BEGIN_SRC fish
if ! test (echo "phundrak" | sed -e "s/^.*$USER//I")
#+END_SRC
If it is me installing and using these dotfiles, I want the remotes of my
dotfiles to be set to ssh remotes using my ssh keys.
#+BEGIN_SRC fish
printf "\n# Update yadm’s remotes #######################################################\n\n"
yadm remote set-url origin git@labs.phundrak.com:phundrak/dotfiles.git
yadm remote add github git@github.com:phundrak/dotfiles.git
#+END_SRC
I will also want to decrypt my encrypted files, such as said ssh keys.
#+BEGIN_SRC fish
printf "\n# Decrypt encrypted dotfiles ##################################################\n\n"
yadm decrypt
#+END_SRC
Finally, let’s close this =if= statement.
#+BEGIN_SRC fish
end
#+END_SRC
**** Get =envtpl=
:PROPERTIES:
:CUSTOM_ID: h-39034878-7864-4a1c-855d-d9882795aac0
:END:
Before we set our dotfiles up, let’s make sure =envtpl= is correctly
installed. This package will be needed for generating our alt dotfiles.
#+BEGIN_SRC fish
printf '\n# Install envtpl ##############################################################\n\n'
yay -Syu python-envtpl-git
#+END_SRC
**** Update our submodules
:PROPERTIES:
:CUSTOM_ID: h-ae2f8ccb-a8f3-4699-832c-52cbc8b6d081
:END:
Now we can download the various dependencies of our dotfiles. To do so,
let’s run the following command:
#+BEGIN_SRC fish
printf "\n# Getting yadm susbmodules ####################################################\n\n"
yadm submodule update --init --recursive
#+END_SRC
**** Generate our alt files
:PROPERTIES:
:CUSTOM_ID: h-f924c003-a15c-4132-891f-36cd3948a7c1
:END:
Now this should be the last manipulation on our dotfiles: let’s create our
alternate files:
#+BEGIN_SRC fish
printf "\n# Generating alt files ########################################################\n\n"
yadm alt
#+END_SRC
*** Installing Tryone’s Compton fork
:PROPERTIES:
:CUSTOM_ID: h-aecf9f01-268c-40cd-8fc3-622c6ce822e4
:END:
For some reason, I found installing directly this fork does not work, and I
need to install it after I installed the regular compton packages.
=compton-tryone-git= will replace =compton= which will be removed.
#+BEGIN_SRC fish
printf "\n# Installing tryone’s compton fork ############################################\n\n"
yay -S compton-tryone-git
#+END_SRC
*** Enable some of our services
:PROPERTIES:
:CUSTOM_ID: h-1044da09-e992-4dcb-90ff-513725e1d450
:END:
We have installed some packages which require some services to run. Let’s
enable them.
**** Docker
:PROPERTIES:
:CUSTOM_ID: h-429cb31a-fccb-420f-a5aa-21054c45fb38
:END:
First, let’s activate Docker.
#+BEGIN_SRC fish
printf "\n# Enabling and starting Docker ################################################\n\n"
sudo systemctl enable --now docker
#+END_SRC
Now, if we wish it, we can be added to the =docker= group so we won’t have
to type =sudo= each time we call Docker or Docker Compose.
#+BEGIN_SRC fish
read --prompt "echo 'Do you wish to be added to the `docker` group? (Y/n): ' " -l adddockergroup
if test $adddockergroup = 'y' || test $adddockergroup = "Y" || test $adddockergroup = ''
sudo usermod -aG docker $USER
end
#+END_SRC
**** Emacs
:PROPERTIES:
:CUSTOM_ID: h-7131fa13-3c6e-4cfc-b8e8-c880de9d380f
:END:
Emacs will run as a user service, which means it won’t be launched until we
log in.
#+BEGIN_SRC fish
printf "\n# Enabling Emacs as user service ##############################################\n\n"
systemctl --user enable --now emacs
#+END_SRC
**** SSH server
:PROPERTIES:
:CUSTOM_ID: h-1f355779-f1dc-4c0f-9cf1-14724ce05f4d
:END:
Maybe we want to activate an SSH server on our machine. If so, we can
enable it. Let’s ask the question.
#+BEGIN_SRC fish
read --prompt "echo 'Do you want to activate the ssh server? (Y/n): ' " -l sshdserver
if test $sshdserver = 'y' || test $sshdserver = "Y" || test $sshdserver = ''
printf "\n# Enabling ssh server #########################################################\n\n"
sudo systemctl enable --now sshd
end
#+END_SRC
**** Ly
:PROPERTIES:
:CUSTOM_ID: h-2785fc5b-cd35-4c99-9f47-3dcbf1a7a870
:END:
Ly is a display manager based on ncurses which I find nice enough for me to
use (I generally don’t like using display managers). Let’s enable it, and
let’s disable tty2 while we’re at it (Ly uses it to run X).
#+BEGIN_SRC fish
sudo systemctl enable --now ly
sudo systemctl disable getty@tty2
#+END_SRC
**** Acpilight
:PROPERTIES:
:CUSTOM_ID: h-5423e2a7-d2ce-4bc3-9d5d-85677c18181e
:END:
=acpilight= is our utility managing the brightness of our screen. There is
actually no service to enable here, but we must ensure the user is part of
the =video= group so we can modify the brightness of our screen without
using =sudo=.
#+BEGIN_SRC fish
sudo usermod -aG video $USER
#+END_SRC
**** NordVPN
:PROPERTIES:
:CUSTOM_ID: h-49c24a3e-a496-4200-bf64-96e945c203a0
:END:
Thanks to the AUR package ~nordvpn-bin~, I no longer have to manually
maintain my VPN connections manually with OpenVPN. However, it requires a
service that we should activate:
#+BEGIN_SRC fish
sudo systemctl enable --now nordvpnd
#+END_SRC
*** Symlink some system config files
:PROPERTIES:
:CUSTOM_ID: h-b14d7d03-da49-4a7b-ba05-1c0848bd8e44
:END:
We have some files in [[file:ect/][etc/]] that are to be symlinked to =/etc=.
#+BEGIN_SRC fish
for f in (find ~/.etc -type f)
set dest (echo $f | sed -n 's/^.*etc\(.*\)$/\/etc\1/p')
sudo ln -s $f $dest
end
#+END_SRC
We may also want to symlink our [[file:.nanorc][nanorc]] to the =/root= directory for when we
use =nano= as =sudo=.
#+BEGIN_SRC fish
read --prompt "echo 'Symlink .nanorc to root’s .nanorc? (Y/n): ' " -l nanoroot
if test $nanoroot = 'y' || test $nanoroot = "Y" || test $nanoroot = ''
printf "\n# Symlinking .nanorc to root’s .nanorc ########################################\n\n"
sudo ln -s $HOME/.nanorc /root/.nanorc
end
#+END_SRC
*** Set up our fish shell
:PROPERTIES:
:CUSTOM_ID: h-f6f4df67-b0de-40bf-95fb-888d42169088
:END:
**** Install =fisher=
:PROPERTIES:
:CUSTOM_ID: h-d6490ddc-c909-4713-b36a-19c25a79c7ac
:END:
We will be using =fisher= as our extensions manager for Fish. Let’s install
it.
#+BEGIN_SRC fish
printf "\n# Installing fisher ###########################################################\n\n"
curl https://git.io/fisher --create-dirs -sLo ~/.config/fish/functions/fisher.fish
#+END_SRC
**** Install our extensions
:PROPERTIES:
:CUSTOM_ID: h-3d540273-bdfb-4c63-a05f-2374a010dc29
:END:
I generally use the following extensions in my Fish shell.
#+BEGIN_SRC fish
set FISHEXTENSIONS \
edc/bass franciscolourenco/done jethrokuan/fzf jethrokuan/z \
jorgebucaran/fish-getopts laughedelic/pisces matchai/spacefish \
tuvistavie/fish-ssh-agent
#+END_SRC
Let’s install these:
#+BEGIN_SRC fish
fisher add $FISHEXTENSIONS
#+END_SRC
*** Install packages from git
:PROPERTIES:
:CUSTOM_ID: h-e79da7b2-9286-4b66-812e-453e3b2505c7
:END:
Now, let’s install some packages from git directly.
**** i3-gaps rounded
:PROPERTIES:
:CUSTOM_ID: h-10e229f7-9a45-4401-a9c0-3f974482bb9f
:END:
I know we already installed =i3-gaps= from the AUR, why reinstall it? Well,
that is certainly bad practices, but this allowed me to already have the
needed dependencies for building =i3= installed. Now, let’s clone it, build
it, and install it. Doing this is probably very bad practices though, be
warned.
#+BEGIN_SRC fish
printf "\n# Install i3-gaps-rounded #####################################################\n\n"
cd ~/fromGIT
git clone https://github.com/resloved/i3.git i3-gaps-rounded
cd i3-gaps-rounded
rm -rf build
autoreconf --force --install
mkdir build && cd build
../configure --prefix=/usr --sysconfdir=/etc --disable-sanitizers
make -j
sudo make install
#+END_SRC
**** Polybar Battery
:PROPERTIES:
:CUSTOM_ID: h-f228ec52-a7d0-4c16-adfa-75c544fcfa93
:END:
Now let’s install =polybar-battery=. This is a binary that I’ll use in my
[[file:.config/i3/config][i3 config]] to indicate my battery level. It also sends a notification on low
battery and on charging completed.
#+BEGIN_SRC fish
printf "\n# Install polybar-battery #####################################################\n\n"
cd ~/fromGIT
git clone https://github.com/drdeimos/polybar_another_battery.git
cd polybar_another_battery
go get -u github.com/distatus/battery/cmd/battery
make build
#+END_SRC
Now, we have our binary, let’s symlink it in our local binary directory,
=~/.local/bin=.
#+BEGIN_SRC fish
ln -s polybar-ab ~/.local/bin/polybar-ab
#+END_SRC
**** Reveal.JS
:PROPERTIES:
:CUSTOM_ID: h-68d1cdb4-1447-420f-ab0c-53ef905e757b
:END:
I sometimes use Reveal.JS to make presentations, and I set its location in
my [[file:.spacemacs][dotspacemacs]] file to be in =~/fromGIT=, so let’s clone it there.
#+BEGIN_SRC fish
printf "\n# Install Reveal.JS ###########################################################\n\n"
cd ~/fromGIT
git clone https://github.com/hakimel/reveal.js.git
#+END_SRC
*** Install Rust
:PROPERTIES:
:CUSTOM_ID: h-57e8af4c-93f2-4145-9c39-a5f8d1c9f012
:END:
**** Install the toolchains
:PROPERTIES:
:CUSTOM_ID: h-05ee25dc-3885-46ca-afaf-35bfb2e385d4
:END:
When using rust, I bounce between two toolchains, the =stable= toolchain
and the =nightly= toolchain. To install them, I will use =rustup= which has
already been installed.
#+BEGIN_SRC fish
printf "\n# Install the rust toolchains, nightly is the default one #####################\n\n"
rustup default nightly
#+END_SRC
This will both download the nightly toolchain and set it as the default
one. Yup, I like to live dangerously. Now to install the stable toolchain,
let’s run this:
#+BEGIN_SRC fish
rustup toolchain install stable
#+END_SRC
**** Install some utilities
:PROPERTIES:
:CUSTOM_ID: h-f94f2e18-623f-4aa5-be99-6a7df6a9cbcd
:END:
We’ll need some utilities when developing Rust from Emacs, namely =rustfmt=
and =racer=. Let’s install them with =cargo=.
#+BEGIN_SRC fish
printf "\n# Add rust utilities ##########################################################\n\n"
cargo install rustfmt racer
#+END_SRC
We will also need some components for development purposes:
#+BEGIN_SRC fish
rustup component add src
rustup component add rls
#+END_SRC
*** Install some python packages
:PROPERTIES:
:CUSTOM_ID: h-8155ae1a-0be1-489f-be13-9222f7686fb2
:END:
Some packages will be needed from pip in order to get our Emacs setup
correctly working. Let’s install them locally for our user:
#+BEGIN_SRC fish
pip install --user pyls-isort pyls-mypy
#+END_SRC
*** Install go packages
:PROPERTIES:
:CUSTOM_ID: h-8c6e2311-eb84-4bf4-8e0b-948f89bc9664
:END:
For go development from Emacs, the Spacemacs go and lsp layers requires some
packages to be installed.
#+BEGIN_SRC fish
go get -v golang.org/x/tools/gopls@latest
go get -u -v golang.org/x/tools/cmd/godoc
go get -u -v golang.org/x/tools/cmd/goimports
go get -u -v golang.org/x/tools/cmd/gorename
go get -u -v golang.org/x/tools/cmd/guru
go get -u -v github.com/cweill/gotests/...
go get -u -v github.com/davidrjenni/reftools/cmd/fillstruct
go get -u -v github.com/fatih/gomodifytags
go get -u -v github.com/godoctor/godoctor
go get -u -v github.com/golangci/golangci-lint/cmd/golangci-lint
go get -u -v github.com/haya14busa/gopkgs/cmd/gopkgs
go get -u -v github.com/josharian/impl
go get -u -v github.com/mdempsky/gocode
go get -u -v github.com/rogpeppe/godef
go get -u -v github.com/zmb3/gogetdoc
go get -u -v golang.org/x/tools/gopls
#+END_SRC
*** Set up Chicken (Scheme interpreter/compiler)
:PROPERTIES:
:CUSTOM_ID: h-10ffb0c0-8028-4e9c-842e-9e7d2c165c5b
:END:
Chicken needs to be set up before being used. First, we need to install its
documentation.
#+BEGIN_SRC fish
chicken-install -s apropos chicken-doc
#+END_SRC
Then, we’ll complete the documentation like so:
#+BEGIN_SRC fish
cd (chicken-csi -b -e "(import (chicken platform))" -p "(chicken-home)")
curl https://3e8.org/pub/chicken-doc/chicken-doc-repo.tgz | sudo tar zx
#+END_SRC
*** Clean the =pacman= and =yay= cache
:PROPERTIES:
:CUSTOM_ID: h-fa5307ec-065b-4d06-9d47-05ccde0da8ac
:END:
Finally, we are almost done! Let’s clean the cache of =pacman= and =yay=.
#+BEGIN_SRC fish
printf "\n# Clean the pacman and yay cache ##############################################\n\n"
yay -Sc --noconfirm
#+END_SRC
You should now run a system pretty close to the one I have on my main
computer and my thinkpad.
For an installation walkthrough of my Arch Linux installation, check out my
[[file:installation.org][installation.org]] file where I walk you through the first manual steps and
through the bootstrap you can execute to automatically take care of a lot of
elements.
* Licence
:PROPERTIES:

758
installation.org

@ -0,0 +1,758 @@ @@ -0,0 +1,758 @@
#+TITLE: Install a Phundrak-flavored Arch Linux
#+AUTHOR: Lucien "Phundrak” Cartier-Tilet
#+EMAIL: lucien@phundrak.com
#+OPTIONS: H:4 broken_links:mark email:t ^:{} auto-id:t
# ### LaTeX ####################################################################
#+LATEX_CLASS: conlang
#+LaTeX_CLASS_OPTIONS: [a4paper,twoside]
#+LATEX_HEADER_EXTRA: \usepackage{tocloft} \setlength{\cftchapnumwidth}{3em}
#+LATEX_HEADER_EXTRA: \usepackage{xltxtra,fontspec,xunicode,svg}
#+LATEX_HEADER_EXTRA: \usepackage[total={17cm,24cm}]{geometry}
#+LATEX_HEADER_EXTRA: \setromanfont{Charis SIL}
#+LATEX_HEADER_EXTRA: \usepackage{xcolor}
#+LATEX_HEADER_EXTRA: \usepackage{hyperref}
#+LATEX_HEADER_EXTRA: \hypersetup{colorlinks=true,linkbordercolor=red,linkcolor=blue,pdfborderstyle={/S/U/W 1}}
#+LATEX_HEADER_EXTRA: \usepackage{multicol}
#+LATEX_HEADER_EXTRA: \usepackage{indentfirst}
#+LATEX_HEADER_EXTRA: \sloppy
# ### HTML #####################################################################
#+HTML_DOCTYPE: html5
#+HTML_HEAD_EXTRA: <meta name="description" content="Phundrak-flavored Arch Linux" />
#+HTML_HEAD_EXTRA: <meta property="og:title" content="Phundrak-flavored Arch Linux" />
#+HTML_HEAD_EXTRA: <meta property="og:description" content="How to install a Phundrak-flavored Arch Linux" />
#+HTML_HEAD_EXTRA: <script src="https://kit.fontawesome.com/4d42d0c8c5.js"></script>
#+HTML_HEAD_EXTRA: <script src="https://cdn.jsdelivr.net/npm/js-cookie@2/src/js.cookie.min.js"></script>
#+HTML_HEAD_EXTRA: <link rel="shortcut icon" href="https://cdn.phundrak.com/img/mahakala-128x128.png" type="img/png" media="screen" />
#+HTML_HEAD_EXTRA: <link rel="shortcut icon" href="https://cdn.phundrak.com/img/favicon.ico" type="image/x-icon" media="screen" />
#+HTML_HEAD_EXTRA: <meta property="og:image" content="https://cdn.phundrak.com/img/rich_preview.png" />
#+HTML_HEAD_EXTRA: <meta name="twitter:card" content="summary" />
#+HTML_HEAD_EXTRA: <meta name="twitter:site" content="@phundrak" />
#+HTML_HEAD_EXTRA: <meta name="twitter:creator" content="@phundrak" />
#+HTML_HEAD_EXTRA: <style>.org-svg{width:auto}</style>
#+INFOJS_OPT: view:info toc:1 home:https://phundrak.com/config toc:t
#+HTML_HEAD_EXTRA: <link rel="stylesheet" href="https://langue.phundrak.com/css/htmlize.min.css"/>
#+HTML_HEAD_EXTRA: <link rel="stylesheet" href="https://langue.phundrak.com/css/main.css"/>
#+HTML_HEAD_EXTRA: <script src="https://langue.phundrak.com/js/jquery.min.js"></script>
#+HTML_HEAD_EXTRA: <script defer src="https://langue.phundrak.com/js/main.js"></script>
* Table of Contents :TOC_4_gh:noexport:
:PROPERTIES:
:CUSTOM_ID: h-400070eb-725f-4416-a4c6-da3053df750b
:END:
- [[#introduction][Introduction]]
- [[#install-arch-linux][Install Arch Linux]]
- [[#get-the-latest-live-system-with-fast-mirrors][Get the latest live system with fast mirrors]]
- [[#install-the-system][Install the system]]
- [[#install-basic-packages][Install basic packages]]
- [[#execute-bootstrap][Execute bootstrap]]
- [[#decrypt-private-yadm-files][Decrypt private yadm files]]
- [[#get-a-correct-keyboard-layout][Get a correct keyboard layout]]
- [[#set-our-locale][Set our locale]]
- [[#create-some-folders][Create some folders]]
- [[#set-users-shell-to-fish][Set user’s shell to fish]]
- [[#install-yay-if-it-isnt-already-installed][Install =yay= if it isn’t already installed]]
- [[#install-basic-packages-1][Install basic packages]]
- [[#setting-up-emacs-installing-spacemacs][Setting up Emacs: Installing Spacemacs]]
- [[#set-up-dotfiles][Set up dotfiles]]
- [[#update-our-dotfiles-remotes][Update our dotfiles’ remotes]]
- [[#get-envtpl][Get =envtpl=]]
- [[#update-our-submodules][Update our submodules]]
- [[#generate-our-alt-files][Generate our alt files]]
- [[#installing-tryones-compton-fork][Installing Tryone’s Compton fork]]
- [[#enable-some-of-our-services][Enable some of our services]]
- [[#docker][Docker]]
- [[#emacs][Emacs]]
- [[#ssh-server][SSH server]]
- [[#ly][Ly]]
- [[#acpilight][Acpilight]]
- [[#nordvpn][NordVPN]]
- [[#symlink-some-system-config-files][Symlink some system config files]]
- [[#set-up-our-fish-shell][Set up our fish shell]]
- [[#install-fisher][Install =fisher=]]
- [[#install-our-extensions][Install our extensions]]
- [[#install-packages-from-git][Install packages from git]]
- [[#i3-gaps-rounded][i3-gaps rounded]]
- [[#polybar-battery][Polybar Battery]]
- [[#revealjs][Reveal.JS]]
- [[#install-rust][Install Rust]]
- [[#install-the-toolchains][Install the toolchains]]
- [[#install-some-utilities][Install some utilities]]
- [[#install-some-python-packages][Install some python packages]]
- [[#install-go-packages][Install go packages]]
- [[#set-up-chicken-scheme-interpretercompiler][Set up Chicken (Scheme interpreter/compiler)]]
- [[#clean-the-pacman-and-yay-cache][Clean the =pacman= and =yay= cache]]
* Introduction
:PROPERTIES:
:CUSTOM_ID: h-12a4ef6d-13b6-4d1f-9e0f-a060b63b12d4
:END:
Here will be presented what I do to get my system up and running on a fresh
Arch Linux install. These installation instructions were written in order to
get an Arch Linux distribution up and running with the same configuration as
my main computer’s and my travelling laptop’s configuration.
* Install Arch Linux
:PROPERTIES:
:CUSTOM_ID: h-cfe21de6-15fa-477a-a5ff-6cd81dfead19
:END:
I usually install Arch from the [[https://www.archlinux.org/download/][vanilla ISO]], however I began using [[https://github.com/MatMoul/archfi][archfi]] to
install easily the distro (I’ve done it so many times, I know how it works
now). Usually, my distros will be installed on at least two partitions, one
dedicated to =/home=, the other to the root partition =/=.
If the computer supports EFI bootloaders, the EFI partition will be mounted on
=/boot=. I generally use rEFInd as my boot manager, but if you are more
comfortable with another one, just install what you want. Be aware that if you
format your =/boot= partition, you will delete all boot managers that already
exist; so, if you are dual-booting, *DO NOT FORMAT IT*. Yes, I made the
mistake of wiping the Windows boot manager.
The swap partition is always at least 4GB large, and I should have a total of
12GB of combined RAM and swap. This means on my main computer I have 16GB of
RAM and 4GB of swap, but on my thinkpad I have 4GB of RAM and 8GB of swap.
** Get the latest live system with fast mirrors
:PROPERTIES:
:CUSTOM_ID: h-da7951ee-e39a-4a59-a05d-7b7fffdc7825
:END:
When you boot into the live ISO, execute the following command:
#+BEGIN_SRC sh :exports code
pacman -Sy reflector
reflector -c France -c Germany -l 200 -p http -p https --sort rate \
--save /etc/pacman.d/mirrorlist --verbose
#+END_SRC
This will update the packages from your live ISO, and you will get the best
mirrors for your installation. Of course, change the countries accordingly to
your location.
** Install the system
:PROPERTIES:
:CUSTOM_ID: h-9f9e1fe5-4726-486b-9875-5fcfd91d0bb0
:END:
Then you can use a custom script to ease your installation of Arch if you do
not wish to do it manually. Personally, I’ve done it several times already, I
know how the distro works, I just want to be able to install my distro
quickly now.
#+BEGIN_SRC sh :exports code
wget archfi.sf.net/archfi
# Or from matmoul.github.io/archfi if SourceForge is down
sh archfi
#+END_SRC
Then, follow the instructions and install Arch Linux. Take the opportunity to
install as many packages as you need, mainly =yay= which I use as my package
manager (it is just a wrapper for =pacman=) and AUR helper, and
=pacman-contrib= which will help us installing some packages later.
Once your system is installed, reboot and remove your installation media from
your computer.
* Install basic packages
:PROPERTIES:
:CUSTOM_ID: h-d2485595-3014-4151-a76c-63bc353359a8
:END:
We will need some basic packages in order to run the bootstrap file. So, let’s
install =fish= (our shell running the script) and =git=.
#+BEGIN_SRC sh :exports code
sudo pacman -Sy fish git yadm
#+END_SRC
* Execute bootstrap
:PROPERTIES:
:CUSTOM_ID: h-c13d132f-9e69-4bb0-838b-29c7c5611f11
:HEADER-ARGS: :tangle ~/.config/yadm/bootstrap :exports code
:END:
=yadm= comes with a very handy feature: its bootstrap script. We can execute
it by running the following command:
#+BEGIN_SRC fish :tangle no
yadm bootstrap
#+END_SRC
Notice these two header files, we can see this is a fish script, hence why we
need fish (which is my daily shell anyway).
#+BEGIN_SRC fish
#!/usr/bin/fish
# -*- mode: fish -*-
#+END_SRC
Let’s take a look at what it does.
** Decrypt private yadm files
:PROPERTIES:
:CUSTOM_ID: h-2ce7e756-3dab-4c12-a3b3-d1b6f8d4805d
:END:
Some private files are stored encrypted in the repository of my yadm
dotfiles. I will need them later on during the bootstrap execution.
#+BEGIN_SRC fish
yadm decrypt
#+END_SRC
** Get a correct keyboard layout
:PROPERTIES:
:CUSTOM_ID: h-89fb8f3a-6ec4-4701-a5d9-3e593c47ece9
:END:
I use mainly the [[https://bepo.fr/wiki/Accueil][bépo]] layout, a French keyboard layout inspired by Dvorak
layouts, however I sometimes need to switch back to the standard French
AZERTY or the American QWERTY layout, so I make it so the Menu key switches
for me my layout between these three. This makes it so my xorg configuration
of my keyboard looks like this:
#+BEGIN_SRC fish
set keyboardconf \
'Section "InputClass"
Identifier "system-keyboard"
MatchIsKeyboard "on"
Option "XkbLayout" "fr,fr,us"
Option "XkbModel" "pc104"
Option "XkbVariant" "bepo,,"
Option "XkbOptions" "grp:menu_toggle"
EndSection'
#+END_SRC
So, let’s set it as our keyboard configuration.
#+BEGIN_SRC fish
printf "\n# Set keyboard layout #########################################################\n\n"
echo $keyboardconf | sudo tee /etc/X11/xorg.conf.d/00-keyboard.conf
#+END_SRC
** Set our locale
:PROPERTIES:
:CUSTOM_ID: h-48678405-93ae-41b6-b44b-285ab0da4e92
:END:
I use two main locales, the French and US UTF-8 locales, and I like to keep
the Japanese locale activated just in case.
#+BEGIN_SRC fish
set mylocales "en_US.UTF-8 UTF-8" "fr_FR.UTF-8 UTF-8" "ja_JP.UTF-8 UTF-8"
#+END_SRC
Let’s enable these.
#+BEGIN_SRC fish
printf "\n# Set our locale ##############################################################\n\n"
for item in $mylocales
if test (grep -e "#$item" /etc/locale.gen)
sudo sed -i "/$item/s/^#//g" /etc/locale.gen
end
end
#+END_SRC
This is my configuration I usually use when it comes to my locale.
#+BEGIN_SRC fish
set localeconf "LANG=en_US.UTF-8
LC_COLLATE=C
LC_NAME=fr_FR.UTF-8
LC_NUMERIC=fr_FR.UTF-8
LC_IDENTIFICATION=fr_FR.UTF-8
LC_TELEPHONE=fr_FR.UTF-8
LC_MONETARY=fr_FR.UTF-8
LC_PAPER=fr_FR.UTF-8
LC_ADDRESS=fr_FR.UTF-8
LC_TIME=fr_FR.UTF-8
LC_MEASUREMENT=fr_FR.UTF-8"
#+END_SRC
Let’s set it as our system’s locale.
#+BEGIN_SRC fish
echo $localeconf | sudo tee /etc/locale.conf
#+END_SRC
Now we can generate our locale!
#+BEGIN_SRC fish
printf "\n# Generate locale #############################################################\n\n"
sudo locale-gen
#+END_SRC
** Create some folders
:PROPERTIES:
:CUSTOM_ID: h-85ce90ff-56dc-469b-bf08-480ecf27acc4
:END:
Let’s create some folders we might need for mounting our drives, Android
devices and CDs.
#+BEGIN_SRC fish
printf "\n# Create directories for mounting #############################################\n\n"
sudo mkdir -p /mnt/{USB,CD,Android}
sudo chown $USER:(id -g $USER) /mnt/{USB,CD,Android}
#+END_SRC
We also need the following folder for our nano backups.
#+BEGIN_SRC fish
mkdir -p $HOME/.cache/nano/backups
#+END_SRC
** Set user’s shell to fish
:PROPERTIES:
:CUSTOM_ID: h-c1a78394-c156-4a03-ae82-e5e9d4090dab
:END:
First of all, the bootstrap shell will set the user’s shell to fish.
#+BEGIN_SRC fish
printf "\n# Set fish as the default shell ###############################################\n\n"
chsh -s /usr/bin/fish
#+END_SRC
** Install =yay= if it isn’t already installed
:PROPERTIES:
:CUSTOM_ID: h-fef57cea-cf1d-4900-9d90-ec6353ea9661
:END:
Now we’ll need to be sure =yay=, our AUR helper, is installed on our system.
If it is, we don’t need to to anything. However, if it isn’t, we’ll install
it manually.
#+BEGIN_SRC fish
if ! test (which yay)
printf "\n# Installing yay ##############################################################\n\n"
cd
mkdir -p fromGIT
cd fromGIT
git clone https://aur.archlinux.org/yay.git
cd yay
makepkg -si --noconfirm
else
printf "\n# yay already installed #######################################################\n\n"
end
#+END_SRC
** Install basic packages
:PROPERTIES:
:CUSTOM_ID: h-887ec6d4-535d-4363-a0a7-884717b87a47
:END:
Let’s set in a custom varible what packages we’ll be needing.
#+BEGIN_SRC fish
set PACKAGES
acpilight adobe-source-han-sans-jp-fonts asar ascii aspell-en aspell-fr assimp \
awesome-terminal-fonts base-devel bat biber bleachbit bluez-firmware \
bluez-utils bookworm boost bzip2 ccls chicken chromium clisp compton cppcheck \
cppreference cppreference-devhelp cpupower cronie cryptsetup device-mapper \
diffutils discord-canary discount ditaa dmenu dmenu-lpass docker \
docker-compose dockerfile-language-server-bin doxygen dunst dwarffortress \
emacs exfat-utils farbfeld feh ffmpegthumbnailer findutils firefox flake8 \
font-mathematica fontforge freeglut fzf gcc-libs gdb gimp glibc \
gnome-disk-utility gnome-epub-thumbnailer gnu-free-fonts gnuplot go-tools \
golangci-lint-bin graphviz htop i3-gaps i3lock-blur i3status igdm-bin \
inetutils j4-dmenu-desktop javascript-typescript-langserver js-beautify \
jfsutils jmtpfs lastpass-cli less linux-headers lldb logrotate lvm2 ly-git \
meson minted mpc mpd mpd-rich-presence-discord-git mpv mupdf-tools nano ncdu \
ncmpcpp nemo-fileroller nemo-preview neofetch neovim netctl networkmanager \
networkmanager-openvpn nm-connection-editor nnn nodejs-vmd nomacs nordvpn-bin \
noto-fonts-emoji npm ntfs-3g numlockx openssh otf-fandol otf-ipafont p7zip \
pacman-contrib pandoc-bin pavucontrol pciutils pcurses pdfpc polybar prettier \
pulseaudio-bluetooth python-autoflake python-envtpl-git python-epc \
python-importmagic python-language-server python-nose python-pip python-ptvsd \
python-pytest python-pywal qt5-imageformats qemu r raw-thumbnailer reflector \
rofi rofi-wifi-menu-git rsync rtv rustup s-nail samba scrot sent shadow \
siji-git simplescreenrecorder speedcrunch sshfs st-luke-git swi-prolog \
texlive-bin texlive-langchinese texlive-langcyrillic texlive-langgreek \
texlive-langjapanese texlive-langkorean texlive-latexextra \
texlive-localmanager-git texlive-most tmux tree ttf-arphic-uming ttf-baekmuk \
ttf-bitstream-vera ttf-dejavu ttf-google-fonts-opinionated-git ttf-hanazono \
ttf-joypixels ttf-koruri ttf-liberation ttf-material-design-icons-git \
ttf-monapo ttf-mplus ttf-ms-fonts ttf-sazanami ttf-symbola ttf-tibetan-machine \
ttf-twemoji-color ttf-unifont ttf-vlgothic typescript \
typescript-language-server-bin unicode unicode-emoji unrar usbutils valgrind \
vscode-css-languageserver-bin vscode-html-languageserver-bin w3m wget \
x11-ssh-askpass xclip xdg-user-dirs-gtk xfsprogs xorg-apps xorg-drivers \
xorg-server xorg-xinit xss-lock xvkbd yaml-language-server-bin yapf
#+END_SRC
These are the minimum I would have in my own installation. You can edit it
however you want. Let’s install those.
#+BEGIN_SRC fish
printf "\n# Installing needed packages ##################################################\n\n"
sudo pacman -Syu
yay -S --needed $PACKAGES
#+END_SRC
** Setting up Emacs: Installing Spacemacs
:PROPERTIES:
:CUSTOM_ID: h-bd5a92c4-1a4f-49ea-a447-050a4ff0301c
:END:
Now, the first thing we want to do with Emacs is install its Spacemacs
distribution. We’ll clone its =develop= branch into =~/.emacs.d=. We need to
do this prior to our dotfiles’ cloning because of some submodules that are
cloned within our =~/.emacs.d= directory, and git won’t let us clone
Spacemacs in an already existing and non-empty directory. To make sure it
isn’t one, let’s delete any potentially existing =~/.emacs.d= directory:
#+BEGIN_SRC fish
printf "\n# Installing Spacemacs ########################################################\n\n"
rm -rf ~/.emacs.d
#+END_SRC
Now we can clone Spacemacs:
#+BEGIN_SRC fish
git clone --single-branch --branch develop https://github.com/syl20bnr/spacemacs ~/.emacs.d
#+END_SRC
And we can restore what might have been deleted in our =~/.emacs.d/private=
directory:
#+BEGIN_SRC fish
yadm checkout -- ~/.emacs.d/private/
#+END_SRC
** Set up dotfiles
:PROPERTIES:
:CUSTOM_ID: h-cf2c3a24-b08e-4b07-9d51-31f6df781e62
:END:
*** Update our dotfiles’ remotes
:PROPERTIES:
:CUSTOM_ID: h-18967335-2637-44d6-b407-bb1d2d2718b9
:END:
This line in the bootstrap script will test if the current user is using my
username. If yes, it’s probably me.
#+BEGIN_SRC fish
if ! test (echo "phundrak" | sed -e "s/^.*$USER//I")
#+END_SRC
If it is me installing and using these dotfiles, I want the remotes of my
dotfiles to be set to ssh remotes using my ssh keys.
#+BEGIN_SRC fish
printf "\n# Update yadm’s remotes #######################################################\n\n"
yadm remote set-url origin git@labs.phundrak.com:phundrak/dotfiles.git
yadm remote add github git@github.com:phundrak/dotfiles.git
#+END_SRC
I will also want to decrypt my encrypted files, such as said ssh keys.
#+BEGIN_SRC fish
printf "\n# Decrypt encrypted dotfiles ##################################################\n\n"
yadm decrypt
#+END_SRC
Finally, let’s close this =if= statement.
#+BEGIN_SRC fish
end
#+END_SRC
*** Get =envtpl=
:PROPERTIES:
:CUSTOM_ID: h-39034878-7864-4a1c-855d-d9882795aac0
:END:
Before we set our dotfiles up, let’s make sure =envtpl= is correctly
installed. This package will be needed for generating our alt dotfiles.
#+BEGIN_SRC fish
printf '\n# Install envtpl ##############################################################\n\n'
yay -Syu python-envtpl-git
#+END_SRC
*** Update our submodules
:PROPERTIES:
:CUSTOM_ID: h-ae2f8ccb-a8f3-4699-832c-52cbc8b6d081
:END:
Now we can download the various dependencies of our dotfiles. To do so,
let’s run the following command:
#+BEGIN_SRC fish
printf "\n# Getting yadm susbmodules ####################################################\n\n"
yadm submodule update --init --recursive
#+END_SRC
*** Generate our alt files
:PROPERTIES:
:CUSTOM_ID: h-f924c003-a15c-4132-891f-36cd3948a7c1
:END:
Now this should be the last manipulation on our dotfiles: let’s create our
alternate files:
#+BEGIN_SRC fish
printf "\n# Generating alt files ########################################################\n\n"
yadm alt
#+END_SRC
** Installing Tryone’s Compton fork
:PROPERTIES:
:CUSTOM_ID: h-aecf9f01-268c-40cd-8fc3-622c6ce822e4
:END:
For some reason, I found installing directly this fork does not work, and I
need to install it after I installed the regular compton packages.
=compton-tryone-git= will replace =compton= which will be removed.
#+BEGIN_SRC fish
printf "\n# Installing tryone’s compton fork ############################################\n\n"
yay -S compton-tryone-git
#+END_SRC
** Enable some of our services
:PROPERTIES:
:CUSTOM_ID: h-1044da09-e992-4dcb-90ff-513725e1d450
:END:
We have installed some packages which require some services to run. Let’s
enable them.
*** Docker
:PROPERTIES:
:CUSTOM_ID: h-429cb31a-fccb-420f-a5aa-21054c45fb38
:END:
First, let’s activate Docker.
#+BEGIN_SRC fish
printf "\n# Enabling and starting Docker ################################################\n\n"
sudo systemctl enable --now docker
#+END_SRC
Now, if we wish it, we can be added to the =docker= group so we won’t have
to type =sudo= each time we call Docker or Docker Compose.
#+BEGIN_SRC fish
read --prompt "echo 'Do you wish to be added to the `docker` group? (Y/n): ' " -l adddockergroup
if test $adddockergroup = 'y' || test $adddockergroup = "Y" || test $adddockergroup = ''
sudo usermod -aG docker $USER
end
#+END_SRC
*** Emacs
:PROPERTIES:
:CUSTOM_ID: h-7131fa13-3c6e-4cfc-b8e8-c880de9d380f
:END:
Emacs will run as a user service, which means it won’t be launched until we
log in.
#+BEGIN_SRC fish
printf "\n# Enabling Emacs as user service ##############################################\n\n"
systemctl --user enable --now emacs
#+END_SRC
*** SSH server
:PROPERTIES:
:CUSTOM_ID: h-1f355779-f1dc-4c0f-9cf1-14724ce05f4d
:END:
Maybe we want to activate an SSH server on our machine. If so, we can enable
it. Let’s ask the question.
#+BEGIN_SRC fish
read --prompt "echo 'Do you want to activate the ssh server? (Y/n): ' " -l sshdserver
if test $sshdserver = 'y' || test $sshdserver = "Y" || test $sshdserver = ''
printf "\n# Enabling ssh server #########################################################\n\n"
sudo systemctl enable --now sshd
end
#+END_SRC
*** Ly
:PROPERTIES:
:CUSTOM_ID: h-2785fc5b-cd35-4c99-9f47-3dcbf1a7a870
:END:
Ly is a display manager based on ncurses which I find nice enough for me to
use (I generally don’t like using display managers). Let’s enable it, and
let’s disable tty2 while we’re at it (Ly uses it to run X).
#+BEGIN_SRC fish
sudo systemctl enable --now ly
sudo systemctl disable getty@tty2
#+END_SRC
*** Acpilight
:PROPERTIES:
:CUSTOM_ID: h-5423e2a7-d2ce-4bc3-9d5d-85677c18181e
:END:
=acpilight= is our utility managing the brightness of our screen. There is
actually no service to enable here, but we must ensure the user is part of
the =video= group so we can modify the brightness of our screen without
using =sudo=.
#+BEGIN_SRC fish
sudo usermod -aG video $USER
#+END_SRC
*** NordVPN
:PROPERTIES:
:CUSTOM_ID: h-49c24a3e-a496-4200-bf64-96e945c203a0
:END:
Thanks to the AUR package ~nordvpn-bin~, I no longer have to manually
maintain my VPN connections manually with OpenVPN. However, it requires a
service that we should activate:
#+BEGIN_SRC fish
sudo systemctl enable --now nordvpnd
#+END_SRC
** Symlink some system config files
:PROPERTIES:
:CUSTOM_ID: h-b14d7d03-da49-4a7b-ba05-1c0848bd8e44
:END:
We have some files in [[file:ect/][etc/]] that are to be symlinked to =/etc=.
#+BEGIN_SRC fish
for f in (find ~/.etc -type f)
set dest (echo $f | sed -n 's/^.*etc\(.*\)$/\/etc\1/p')
sudo ln -s $f $dest
end
#+END_SRC
We may also want to symlink our [[file:.nanorc][nanorc]] to the =/root= directory for when we
use =nano= as =sudo=.
#+BEGIN_SRC fish
read --prompt "echo 'Symlink .nanorc to root’s .nanorc? (Y/n): ' " -l nanoroot
if test $nanoroot = 'y' || test $nanoroot = "Y" || test $nanoroot = ''
printf "\n# Symlinking .nanorc to root’s .nanorc ########################################\n\n"
sudo ln -s $HOME/.nanorc /root/.nanorc
end
#+END_SRC
** Set up our fish shell
:PROPERTIES:
:CUSTOM_ID: h-f6f4df67-b0de-40bf-95fb-888d42169088
:END:
*** Install =fisher=
:PROPERTIES:
:CUSTOM_ID: h-d6490ddc-c909-4713-b36a-19c25a79c7ac
:END:
We will be using =fisher= as our extensions manager for Fish. Let’s install
it.
#+BEGIN_SRC fish
printf "\n# Installing fisher ###########################################################\n\n"
curl https://git.io/fisher --create-dirs -sLo ~/.config/fish/functions/fisher.fish
#+END_SRC
*** Install our extensions
:PROPERTIES:
:CUSTOM_ID: h-3d540273-bdfb-4c63-a05f-2374a010dc29
:END:
I generally use the following extensions in my Fish shell.
#+BEGIN_SRC fish
set FISHEXTENSIONS \
edc/bass franciscolourenco/done jethrokuan/fzf jethrokuan/z \
jorgebucaran/fish-getopts laughedelic/pisces matchai/spacefish \
tuvistavie/fish-ssh-agent
#+END_SRC
Let’s install these:
#+BEGIN_SRC fish
fisher add $FISHEXTENSIONS
#+END_SRC
** Install packages from git
:PROPERTIES:
:CUSTOM_ID: h-e79da7b2-9286-4b66-812e-453e3b2505c7
:END:
Now, let’s install some packages from git directly.
*** i3-gaps rounded
:PROPERTIES:
:CUSTOM_ID: h-10e229f7-9a45-4401-a9c0-3f974482bb9f
:END:
I know we already installed =i3-gaps= from the AUR, why reinstall it? Well,
that is certainly bad practices, but this allowed me to already have the
needed dependencies for building =i3= installed. Now, let’s clone it, build
it, and install it. Doing this is probably very bad practices though, be
warned.
#+BEGIN_SRC fish
printf "\n# Install i3-gaps-rounded #####################################################\n\n"
cd ~/fromGIT
git clone https://github.com/resloved/i3.git i3-gaps-rounded
cd i3-gaps-rounded
rm -rf build
autoreconf --force --install
mkdir build && cd build
../configure --prefix=/usr --sysconfdir=/etc --disable-sanitizers
make -j
sudo make install
#+END_SRC
*** Polybar Battery
:PROPERTIES:
:CUSTOM_ID: h-f228ec52-a7d0-4c16-adfa-75c544fcfa93
:END:
Now let’s install =polybar-battery=. This is a binary that I’ll use in my [[file:.config/i3/config][i3
config]] to indicate my battery level. It also sends a notification on low
battery and on charging completed.
#+BEGIN_SRC fish
printf "\n# Install polybar-battery #####################################################\n\n"
cd ~/fromGIT
git clone https://github.com/drdeimos/polybar_another_battery.git
cd polybar_another_battery
go get -u github.com/distatus/battery/cmd/battery
make build
#+END_SRC
Now, we have our binary, let’s symlink it in our local binary directory,
=~/.local/bin=.
#+BEGIN_SRC fish
ln -s polybar-ab ~/.local/bin/polybar-ab
#+END_SRC
*** Reveal.JS
:PROPERTIES:
:CUSTOM_ID: h-68d1cdb4-1447-420f-ab0c-53ef905e757b
:END:
I sometimes use Reveal.JS to make presentations, and I set its location in
my [[file:.spacemacs][dotspacemacs]] file to be in =~/fromGIT=, so let’s clone it there.
#+BEGIN_SRC fish
printf "\n# Install Reveal.JS ###########################################################\n\n"
cd ~/fromGIT
git clone https://github.com/hakimel/reveal.js.git
#+END_SRC
** Install Rust
:PROPERTIES:
:CUSTOM_ID: h-57e8af4c-93f2-4145-9c39-a5f8d1c9f012
:END:
*** Install the toolchains
:PROPERTIES:
:CUSTOM_ID: h-05ee25dc-3885-46ca-afaf-35bfb2e385d4
:END:
When using rust, I bounce between two toolchains, the =stable= toolchain and
the =nightly= toolchain. To install them, I will use =rustup= which has
already been installed.
#+BEGIN_SRC fish
printf "\n# Install the rust toolchains, nightly is the default one #####################\n\n"
rustup default nightly
#+END_SRC
This will both download the nightly toolchain and set it as the default one.
Yup, I like to live dangerously. Now to install the stable toolchain, let’s
run this:
#+BEGIN_SRC fish
rustup toolchain install stable
#+END_SRC
*** Install some utilities
:PROPERTIES:
:CUSTOM_ID: h-f94f2e18-623f-4aa5-be99-6a7df6a9cbcd
:END:
We’ll need some utilities when developing Rust from Emacs, namely =rustfmt=
and =racer=. Let’s install them with =cargo=.
#+BEGIN_SRC fish
printf "\n# Add rust utilities ##########################################################\n\n"
cargo install rustfmt racer
#+END_SRC
We will also need some components for development purposes:
#+BEGIN_SRC fish
rustup component add src
rustup component add rls
#+END_SRC
** Install some python packages
:PROPERTIES:
:CUSTOM_ID: h-8155ae1a-0be1-489f-be13-9222f7686fb2
:END:
Some packages will be needed from pip in order to get our Emacs setup
correctly working. Let’s install them locally for our user:
#+BEGIN_SRC fish
pip install --user pyls-isort pyls-mypy
#+END_SRC
** Install go packages
:PROPERTIES:
:CUSTOM_ID: h-8c6e2311-eb84-4bf4-8e0b-948f89bc9664
:END:
For go development from Emacs, the Spacemacs go and lsp layers requires some
packages to be installed.
#+BEGIN_SRC fish
go get -v golang.org/x/tools/gopls@latest
go get -u -v golang.org/x/tools/cmd/godoc
go get -u -v golang.org/x/tools/cmd/goimports
go get -u -v golang.org/x/tools/cmd/gorename
go get -u -v golang.org/x/tools/cmd/guru
go get -u -v github.com/cweill/gotests/...
go get -u -v github.com/davidrjenni/reftools/cmd/fillstruct
go get -u -v github.com/fatih/gomodifytags
go get -u -v github.com/godoctor/godoctor
go get -u -v github.com/golangci/golangci-lint/cmd/golangci-lint
go get -u -v github.com/haya14busa/gopkgs/cmd/gopkgs
go get -u -v github.com/josharian/impl
go get -u -v github.com/mdempsky/gocode
go get -u -v github.com/rogpeppe/godef
go get -u -v github.com/zmb3/gogetdoc
go get -u -v golang.org/x/tools/gopls
#+END_SRC
** Set up Chicken (Scheme interpreter/compiler)
:PROPERTIES:
:CUSTOM_ID: h-10ffb0c0-8028-4e9c-842e-9e7d2c165c5b
:END:
Chicken needs to be set up before being used. First, we need to install its
documentation.
#+BEGIN_SRC fish
chicken-install -s apropos chicken-doc
#+END_SRC
Then, we’ll complete the documentation like so:
#+BEGIN_SRC fish
cd (chicken-csi -b -e "(import (chicken platform))" -p "(chicken-home)")
curl https://3e8.org/pub/chicken-doc/chicken-doc-repo.tgz | sudo tar zx
#+END_SRC
** Clean the =pacman= and =yay= cache
:PROPERTIES:
:CUSTOM_ID: h-fa5307ec-065b-4d06-9d47-05ccde0da8ac
:END:
Finally, we are almost done! Let’s clean the cache of =pacman= and =yay=.
#+BEGIN_SRC fish
printf "\n# Clean the pacman and yay cache ##############################################\n\n"
yay -Sc --noconfirm
#+END_SRC
You should now run a system pretty close to the one I have on my main
computer and my thinkpad.
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