- Install Arch Linux
yayif it hasn’t been done during the system installation
- Update the system
- Set up
- Set up Emacs
- Install our needed packages
- Enable and start some services
- Install Fisher and our fish shell extensions
- Install packages from git
- Set your locale
- Launch X
- Install Rust
- Clean the
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This is my collection of dotfiles for my daily GNU/Linux environment, tweaked to my liking. If you wish to get the same setup as mine, follow the instructions below.
- Emacs configuration perfectly tailored for my own use
- Beautiful and comfy i3 and polybar configuration
- And enough information below to get basically the same distro install as I have on my main computer and my travel laptop.
Of course, some dependencies are needed for my dotfiles to work well. Here is a non-exhaustive list of software needed by these configuration files:
GNU/Emacs >= 26.2
- The Fish shell, using fisher
- Luke Smith’s fork of st
- Resloved’s i3-gaps-rounded fork of Airblader’s i3-gaps, itself a fork of i3
- Compton, more specificaly Tryone’s fork
- Rust (stable and nightly)
- LaTeX and XeTeX (
texlivepackages on Arch Linux)
- tmux, based on this repo’s configuration by Grégory Pakosz.
- And a bunch of other stuff, see below
And some other stuff scattered around in my dotfiles.
BTW, I use Arch.
Here will be presented what I do to get my system up and running on a fresh Arch Linux install. These installation instructions were written in order to get an Arch Linux distribution up and running with the same configuration as my main computer’s and my travelling laptop’s configuration.
Install Arch Linux
I usually install Arch from the vanilla ISO, however I began using archfi to
install easily the distro (I’ve done it so many times, I know how it works
now). Usually, my distros will be installed on at least two partitions, one
/home, the other to the root partition
If the computer supports EFI bootloaders, the EFI partition will be mounted
/boot. I generally use rEFInd as my boot manager, but if you are more
comfortable with another one, just install what you want. Be aware that if
you format your
/boot partition, you will delete all boot managers that
already exist; so, if you are dual-booting, DO NOT FORMAT IT. Yes, I made
the mistake of wiping the Windows boot manager.
The swap partition is always at least 4GB large, and I should have a total of 12GB of combined RAM and swap. This means on my main computer I have 16GB of RAM and 4GB of swap, but on my thinkpad I have 4GB of RAM and 8GB of swap.
Get the latest live system with fast mirrors
When you boot into the live ISO, execute the following command:
pacman -Syu reflector reflector --country France --country Germany --latest 200 \ --protocol http --protocol https --sort rate \ --save /etc/pacman.d/mirrorlist
This will update the packages from your live ISO, and you will get the best mirrors for your installation. Of course, change the countries accordingly to your location.
Install the system
Then you can use a custom script to ease your installation of Arch if you do not wish to do it manually. Personally, I’ve done it several times already, I know how the distro works, I just want to be able to install my distro quickly now.
wget archfi.sf.net/archfi # Or from matmoul.github.io/archfi if SourceForge is down sh archfi
Then, follow the instructions and install Arch Linux. Take the opportunity
to install as many packages as you need, mainly
yay which I use as my
package manager (it is just a wrapper for
pacman) and AUR helper.
Once your system is installed, reboot and remove your installation media from your computer.
yay if it hasn’t been done during the system installation
Next step is to install the AUR helper
yay. DO NOT use
yaourt, it is
discontinued, seriously updated and represents a serious security flaw.
yay in a folder
fromGIT that will be in our home folder. This
is also where we’ll download every other packages we’ll install from git.
mkdir -p fromGIT cd fromGIT git clone https://aur.archlinux.org/yay.git cd yay makepkg -si --noconfirm
We now have our AUR helper!
Update the system
Congrats, Arch is now installed on your system! But we are not done yet.
Let’s update the system, just in case some packages were updated during the
installation. And let’s install
yadm (our dotfiles manager) and
while we’re at it.
yay -Syua yadm emacs
yadm is my dotfiles manager. It has some very interesting, including host
and machine-specific files and file content, as can be seen in
.config/i3/config##yadm.j2. It also manages some files system-wide (well,
home-wide), so you usually don’t have to symlink anything.
For some reason, when I’m in i3, polybar crashes when I run any
command, so I made the
C-S-p shortcut to relaunch it at will.
Get the dotfiles
Update the remotes
Now, let’s make sure we have the correct remotes set up for the dotfiles.
yadm remote set-url origin "https://labs.phundrak.fr/phundrak/dotfiles.git" yadm remote add-url github "https://github.com/phundrak/dotfiles.git"
You can swap the two links if you feel more comfortable with Github as the
origin remote, just rename the
github remote to something like
phundraklabs or something like that.
If you have already generated (or copied, but don’t do that) your SSH keys and uploaded them to Github and/or to Phundrak Labs, you can use the following urls instead as the remotes’ urls.
Get our git submodules
Our dotfiles rely on a couple of submodules we should get. Let’s download them.
yadm submodule update --init --recursive
Generate the alt dotfiles
yadm will need to generate the host-specific dotfiles. To do so, you can
run the following command:
And with that, we should have all of our dotfiles placed where they need to be!
Set up Emacs
Now that we have our dotfiles installed, let’s set up Emacs. First, let’s download Spacemacs.
git clone https://github.com/syl20bnr/spacemacs ~/.emacs.d
.emacs.d directory, let’s switch Spacemacs’ branch to
git checkout develop
The rest of this README’s code blocks should now be executable from Emacs itself, and we should be able to have a perfectly running Emacs installation. That’s the power of Org-mode!
Install our needed packages
Now, we can install all the packages I usually have installed on my computer.
yay -S --needed asar ascii aspell-en aspell-fr assimp autoconf automake \ awesome-terminal-fonts bash bat biber binutils bison bleachbit \ bluez-firmware bluez-utils bookworm boost bzip2 chromium clisp compton \ coreutils cppcheck cppreference cppreference-devhelp cpupower cronie \ cryptsetup cups device-mapper dhcpcd diffutils discord-canary discount \ ditaa dmenu dmenu-lpass docker docker-compose doxygen dwarffortress \ e2fsprogs emacs exfat-utils fakeroot feh ffmpegthumbnailer file \ filesystem findutils fingerprint-gui firefox fish flake8 flex \ font-mathematica fontforge freeglut fzf gawk gcc gcc-libs gdb gettext \ gimp git glibc gnome-disk-utility gnome-epub-thumbnailer gnu-free-fonts \ gnuplot go-tools grep gzip htop i3-gaps i3lock-blur i3status icecat-bin \ igdm-bin inetutils intel-ucode iproute2 iputils j4-dmenu-desktop \ jfsutils lastpass-cli less libnewt libtool licenses light linux-headers \ lldb logrotate lsof lvm2 m4 make man-db man-pages mate-polkit mdadm \ meson minted mpc mpd mpd-rich-presence-discord-git mpv mupdf-tools nano \ nasm ncdu ncmpcpp nemo-fileroller nemo-preview neofetch netctl \ networkmanager networkmanager-openvpn nm-connection-editor nnn nomacs \ noto-fonts-emoji npm ntfs-3g numlockx openmp openssh p7zip pacman \ pacman-contrib pandoc-bin patch pavucontrol pciutils pcurses pdfpc perl \ pkgconf polybar procps-ng psmisc pulseaudio-bluetooth python-envtpl-git \ python-pip python-pywal qemu r raw-thumbnailer redshift refind-efi \ reflector reiserfsprogs rofi rofi-wifi-menu-git rsync rtv rustup s-nail \ samba scrot sdl2_gfx sdl2_image sdl2_mixer sdl2_ttf sed sent shadow \ siji-git simplescreenrecorder speedcrunch sshfs st-luke-git sudo \ sysfsutils systemd-sysvcompat tar texinfo texlive-bibtexextra texlive-bin \ texlive-core texlive-fontsextra texlive-formatsextra texlive-games \ texlive-humanities texlive-langchinese texlive-langcyrillic \ texlive-langextra texlive-langgreek texlive-langjapanese \ texlive-langkorean texlive-latexextra texlive-music texlive-pictures \ texlive-pstricks texlive-publishers texlive-science tmux tree \ ttf-arphic-uming ttf-baekmuk ttf-bitstream-vera ttf-dejavu \ ttf-google-fonts-opinionated-git ttf-joypixels ttf-liberation \ ttf-material-design-icons-git ttf-ms-fonts ttf-symbola \ ttf-tibetan-machine ttf-twemoji-color ttf-unifont unicode unicode-emoji \ unrar usbutils util-linux valgrind vi vim vulkan-headers w3m wget which \ whois x11-ssh-askpass xclip xdg-user-dirs-gtk xf86-input-wacom \ xf86-video-intel xfce4-power-manager xfsprogs xorg-server xorg-xinit \ xss-lock yadm graphviz xorg-xprop
Given how many packages will be install from the AUR, I’ll probably have to type my password a few times.
For some reasons, if you directly install
compton first, the package won’t work, which is why I made you
compton in the command above. Now you can install
compton-tryone-git. It will replace
compton, so say “yes” when it warns
you about the package conflict and whether
compton should be removed.
yay -S compton-tryone-git
Enable and start some services
As you can see above, docker has been installed. Let’s enable and start its service.
systemctl enable docker systemctl start docker
I also usually add myself as a member of the
docker group because I don’t
like prefixing every single docker command with
sudo. So let’s execute this
sudo usermod -aG docker $USER
Depending on my machine, I might enable the SSH server shipped with
openssh. Edit your
/etc/ssh/sshd_config file as needed, then let’s do
systemctl enable sshd systemctl start sshd
Install Fisher and our fish shell extensions
As mentionned above, I use the fish shell as my main shell. And I use some extensions too that I installed from fisher, and custom functions.First, let’s install fisher:
curl https://git.io/fisher --create-dirs -sLo \ ~/.config/fish/functions/fisher.fish
Awesome! Now, onto the fisher packages:
fisher add edc/bass franciscolourenco/done jethrokuan/fzf jethrokuan/z \ jorgebucaran/fish-getopts laughedelic/pisces matchai/spacefish \ tuvistavie/fish-ssh-agent
Now our fish shell is ready to rock! Plus, we already have our custom functions installed from our dotfiles!
Install packages from git
Now, we move on to the installation of git-based packages.
I know we already installed
i3-gaps from the AUR, why reinstall it? Well,
that is certainly bad practices, but this allowed me to already have the
needed dependencies for building
i3 installed. Now, let’s clone it, build
it, and install it. It will required the password during the actual
git clone https://github.com/resloved/i3.git i3-gaps-rounded cd i3-gaps-rounded rm -rf build autoreconf --force --install mkdir build && cd build ../configure --prefix=/usr --sysconfdir=/etc --disable-sanitizers make sudo make install
Install Polybar Battery
I use a custom tool for my battery indicator which also launches a warning when the battery is low. However, I need to build it, since it is not available in the repos nor the AUR.
git clone https://github.com/drdeimos/polybar_another_battery.git cd polybar_another_battery go get -u github.com/distatus/battery/cmd/battery make build
Let’s also create the
~/.local/bin/ directory in which I will put some
custom executables, including the executable we just built.
Now, let’s download Reveal.JS. I use it for some of my Org presentations,
and I set it so it is found in
git clone https://github.com/hakimel/reveal.js.git
Set your locale
Arch’s default locale configuration is crap. Like… really. It took me a while
to figure out why some elements in polybar didn’t work along with some other
pieces of software. So, go and uncomment the locales you’ll use in
/etc/locale.gen. I personally have
ja_JP.UTF-8 uncommented, but what you choose is really up to you. Then run
the following command as sudo.
Now you can edit your
/etc/locale.conf file. Mine looks like this, edit it
to fit your needs.
LANG=en_US.UTF-8 LC_COLLATE=C LC_NAME=fr_FR.UTF-8 LC_NUMERIC=fr_FR.UTF-8 LC_IDENTIFICATION=fr_FR.UTF-8 LC_TELEPHONE=fr_FR.UTF-8 LC_MONETARY=fr_FR.UTF-8 LC_PAPER=fr_FR.UTF-8 LC_ADDRESS=fr_FR.UTF-8 LC_TIME=fr_FR.UTF-8 LC_MEASUREMENT=fr_FR.UTF-8
Aaaand we should finally be good to launch X for the first time! My
installation logs me in the tty by default, and I do this by choice, I don’t
really like display managers or desktop environments. So, to launch i3, let’s
Install the toolchains
When using rust, I bounce between two toolchains, the
stable toolchain and
nightly toolchain. To install them, I will use
rustup which has
already been installed.
rustup default nightly
This will both download the nightly toolchain and set it as the default one. Yup, I like to live dangerously. Now to install the stable toolchain, let’s run this:
rustup toolchain install stable
The nightly toolchain is ironically updated about daily (hence the name… sort of?), so we’ll often have to run the following command:
Install some utilities
We’ll need some utilities when developing Rust from Emacs, namely
racer. Let’s install them with
cargo install rustfmt racer
Finally, we are almost done! Let’s clean the cache of
yay -Sc --noconfirm
You should now run a system pretty close to the one I have on my main computer and my thinkpad.
All of my dotfiles (and my dotfiles only) are available under the GNU GPLv3 Licence. Please consult /phundrak/dotfiles/src/commit/40ce2b6231f8889f264b8afc13781f707eccf5d8/LICENCE.md for more information. In short: you are free to access, edit and redistribute all of my dotfiles under the same licence and as allowed by the licence, and if you fuck up something, it’s your own responsibility.